Even the slightly expanded number of shelters is nowhere near adequate to meet the need and women in the majority of provinces and the entire southern half of the country have no access to shelters. Are any contraceptives prohibited in the country? A Human Rights Watch statement highlighted some of the challenges that make it difficult to recruit and retain women in the police force, including abuse and sometimes assault by male colleague in the police and a lack of the most basic toilet and changing room facilities. Some women and girls have been convicted of zina after being raped or forced into prostitution. Toggle explanation The Afghan Ministry of Public Health is actively working with mullahs and other members of the community to promote the use of contraceptives and reduce social stigmas. Use of such tests constitutes cruel, inhuman, and degrading treatment under international law. Defence against the act of adultery, homosexuality or threat to either
Defence against the act of adultery, homosexuality or threat to either A modified gynecological examination that is rid of so-called virginity tests can be legitimately used for therapeutic purposes and evidence collection in rape cases, but should not be used otherwise, and should never be used without the informed consent of the woman or girl. Toggle explanation Adultery is banned by the Shiite Personal Status law and the Quran, the definitive source of Islamic law. The success of existing shelters should lead to creation of new shelters sufficient to ensure that women in every province have access to a shelter. Some girls are born without a hymen. This is simply not true. Additionally, religion and cultural boundaries make families feel that FP is wrong; - Lack of information about contraceptives has led to misconceptions about their purpose and side effects. There has been a small increase in the number of shelters for women fleeing violence, and there seems to be a growing awareness by police that many cases should be referred to family court for resolution through marriage or divorce rather than being sent to prosecutors. A charge of attempted zina unjustifiably assumes that women outside of the supervision of their male relatives must have attempted to have sex. These examinations are invasive, humiliating, conducted without meaningful — or sometimes any — consent, and can constitute sexual assault. Customary and Religious Laws Does the law provide for a complete defense to or mitigation of sentences for gender-based violence offenses based on honour, passion, provocation, loss of control or other similar factors? New Afghan abuse allegations prompt watchdog to investigate The report by a military board of inquiry was completed in , but is only being made public now, two years after the end of Canada's mission in Afghanistan. Full defense Topic tags: The issue is being communicated to you so that you can take action in accordance with instruction of the High Council of Attorney General Office of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan. Contraceptive Use Among Adolescent Girls, The Guardian Other reports suggest that pervasive misunderstandings about the effectiveness, and effects of, contraceptives operates as a barrier to the use of these resources among women in Afghanistan. A demonstrator attends a rally outside the Brussels Conference on Afghanistan, Belgium, October 5, Too often in Afghanistan, rape victims are treated as criminals. Commitments by senior government officials to end such abuses have had little practical impact. In the absence of female officers, reporting crimes may even be unsafe: Penal Code, Article This practice continues despite the fact that gynecological examinations that purport to determine virginity have no medical validity, and constitute cruel, inhuman, and degrading treatment under international human rights law. Zina is a crime under Afghan law, punishable by up to 15 years in prison. In addition, women who live in rural areas may not be able to access the programmes. Less encouraging, however, is the continued abusive use of coerced gynecological examinations, and a lack of progress in the recruitment of female police officers. For change to happen, health workers need to be obligated to comply, and police, prosecutors, and judges will have to accept that exams will not be conducted and the reports will not be available as evidence. They were living in extremely harsh conditions and were under constant and deadly attacks from a determined enemy. While the number of cases brought under the EVAW law remains very low even in provinces with these specialized units, activists consider the specialized units, funded by international donors, to be a step in the right direction.
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